General Introduction of Tai Chi Chuan

00e93901213fb80ecaef98bf37d12f2eb9389498_副本 Tai Chi Chuan

Tai Chi Chuan, which is a intangible cultural heritage of China, derives from Chen Village in Honan province of the central China. Famous for its essence of a subtle balance of softness and hardness and its characteristics of being extremely smooth and lithe, it’s a Chinese traditional martial art as well as a combination of practices from different branches, the variation of Yin and Yang in the I Ching, theories of Traditional Chinese Medicine and a unique approach of breathing for the purpose of keeping fit.


8b13632762d0f703248ed7b509fa513d2697c59f_副本 Tai Chi Chuan

Since the Reform and Opening up in China(1979), it has been classified as Tai Chi Chuan for competing, for gymnastics and the practices of hands. There are a multitude of schools in traditional Tai Chi practices, among which the most common being Chen-style, Yang-style Wu-style and Sun-style. These schools are intimately connected for the reason of heritage and borrowing, yet each of them is able to maintain their uniqueness at the same time. Tai Chi Chuan, with numerous schools and solid mass base, distinguishes itself as a vital branch of Chinese martial art.

Adopting the theory of Tai Chi and the Yin-Yang in Confucianism and Daoism as fundamental basis, Tai Chi Chuan is a perfect combination of traditional Chinese dialectic, martial art, art and Chinese medicine. It’s among the most profound civilization in its multifunction, namely cultivating character, enhancing physical fitness and self-defensing, As a sport full of traditional philosophy from the Eastern World, its practitioners are able to strengthen their body and mind internally and externally, catering to their physical and psychological needs. In consequence, Tai Chi Chuan plays a significant role in both the healthy development of human beings and the harmonious relationship in the global village.

4afbfbedab64034fa47de0c9adc379310b551d48_副本 Tai Chi Chuan

Origin of Tai Chi Chuan

Originated in Chen Village of Wen County of Jiaozuo City in Honan province, Tai Chi Chuan is a typical example of traditional Chinese art form. Around the mid-1800s, Chen Wangting learned from the merits of other schools of martial art and combined the theories of I Ching and Traditional Chinese Medicine so that on the basis of the practices handed down by his ancestors he created a series of new method charactered as a combination of Yin and Yang, softness and hardness as well as the cultivation of spirit and physics, which he styled as Tai Chi Chuan.

Tai Chi Chuan was then handed down generations after generations within his family, which then began to spread to the outside world during the period of its 14th generation successor Chen Changxing, giving birth to many schools such as Chen-style, Yang-style Wu-style and Sun-style, etc.

0e2442a7d933c89521695439d01373f082020059_副本 Tai Chi Chuan


As one of the most distinctive and typical philosophies, Tai Chi Chuan is based on the theory of Yin-Yang and conducts movements with mind. Through the repetitive exercise to relax and use mind to generate the vitality to cultivate the body we can enter into a state to be able to play Tai Chi fluently and smoothly thus further reach a even higher level and accomplish the goal of physical and spiritual cultivation, keeping fit and longevity.

Its fundamental contents include theories of health maintenance, movements, movements of equipment, practices of hands and auxiliary training methods. There are many different patterns of Chuan and equipment consists of dao (a heavier curved saber, sometimes called a broadsword), jian (a straight double-edged sword, practiced as Tai Chi Jian), qiang (a 2m long spear or a 4m long lance), etc.



Features of Tai Chi Chuan

Tai Chi Chuan emphasizes dignity, modesty, continuity and overcoming the hardness with softness. Striking a subtle balance between rapidness and slowness, its practices are as natural as the flowing clouds and running water, which enables practitioners to approach the highest state of the combination of mind, vitality, body and spirit as well as the polish of their characteristics. As a result, they become closer to the nature and hold a more tolerant attitude towards others so as to build a harmonious society. Meanwhile, Tai Chi Chuan attaches attention to improve physical fitness through the combination of hardness and softness.

b17eca8065380cd741390e8aa144ad34598281b6_副本 Tai Chi Chuan


As a priceless treasure of Chinese culture, Tai Chi Chuan has successfully drew the attention of the world. Since 1980s, 11 international conferences have been held, aiming at the exchange of opinions on the practices of Tai Chi Chuan. Successors of different schools are also devoted to pass on this great cultural heritage. In May 2006, it was officially recognized by Chinese government as a national intangible cultural heritage.

While Tai Chi Chuan has increasingly become a tie to connect different races, ethnic groups and even nations for the purpose of spreading Chinese culture to the world, great Taoists including Zhong Yunlong and Chen Shixing are now teaching martial art to the public. These classes have appealed many foreigners to go to the world-famous Wudang Mountains to learn more about Chinese Kung Fu as well as its cultural background. At present, many gymnasium are under built to provide better atmosphere for the practitioners.

1739_P_1378077109707 Tai Chi Chuan


History of Tai Chi Chuan

Heluo Civilization

As the second longest river in China and the fifth longest river in the world, the Yellow River has left a profound influence in the development of civilization along the bank and is recognized as a crucial cradle of the Ethnic Han. As a result, in China it is also called as “Mother River”.

Luohe River is another river occupying an indispensable status in Chinese history. To begin with, according to the I Ching, it was because the famous “Yellow River Map” and the ”Luohe River Writing” that the great emperor Fu Xi was able to invent Tai Chi and trigrams. More importantly it was also tightly connected to the creation of characters, pushing the primitive empire to the prosperity of civilization.

It’s a natural phenomenon for the confluence of the Yellow River and Luohe River. Meanwhile, with the Yellow River being cloudy and the Luohe River being clear, a gigantic whirlpool was formed, where the limpid and muddy water were transparently separated and were continuously changing.

cc11728b4710b91233a30f96c2fdfc039245227c_副本 Tai Chi Chuan


Since the beginning Heluo Region has always been a cultural center of Tai Chi, preserving the core of traditional Chinese culture. It is said that many great emperors including Huang-ti, Shennong, Xia Yu, Shang Tang held ceremony to offer sacrifices to ancestors there when they succeeded to the throne

Located right in the joint of the Yellow River and the Luohe River, Wen County is among the earliest regions to be habited by human beings where numerous historical heritages (such as Yangshao Culture and Longshan Culture) can be found. According to historical research the county already enjoyed a prosperous economy since the Warring State Period and the Qin and Han Dynasties. It’s also the hometown of many famous people including the famous politician Sima Yi and Guo Xi. Moreover, the warm temperate continental monsoon climate provides agreeable atmosphere to the development of agriculture, making it a even more comfortable place to live.

730e0cf3d7ca7bcbc1b58446bf096b63f724a889_副本 Tai Chi Chuan


Hometown of Chinese Martial Art

The Chen Village of Wen County in Honan province is a cultural center where Taoism, Buddhism and Confucianism coexist and learn from each other to push forward the progress of Chinese civilization.

At the beginning of the Ming Dynasty, the ancestor of Chen Village who inherited the martial art practices from his family moved there from Shanxi province. At that time, villagers were continuously harassed by bandits, leading to the establishment of martial art institute aiming to protect the habitants. As a result, the practice of Wu Shu gradually gained popularity within the area.

5243fbf2b2119313269004d864380cd790238d83_副本 Tai Chi Chuan

Chen Wangting (1600-1680), who is the 9th successor of Chen Village, was extremely diligent since childhood. He used to practice martial art during the daytime while studied literature at night. Not only did he exceled in the understanding of the martial art handed down by his ancestors but also he was incredibly knowledgeable and familiar with the Confucianism and Taoism. Young as he was, those bandits became scared to death upon hearing his name.

Later he retired to the village to devote himself to the study of I Ching with the book named <The Yellow Court Classic> (Huang Ting Jing) as well as systemize the folk martial art. Based on the theory of Tai Chi, he combined traditional theory of the balance between human and nature, the theories of Yin and Yang, the heritage of his ancestors, the strengths enjoyed by other schools and his own understanding of Chinese Medicine and Taoism so as to eventually create Tai Chi Chuan, a kind of martial art featured as a balance of softness and hardness, a transformation of Yin and Yang, changeable and unparalleled.

Honored by its origin of Tai Chi Chuan, the Wen County is recognized as a place of interest by an ever-increasing number of tourists. Each year, numerous people come to visit the word-famous Tai Chi Museum and show their homage to the masters of Tai Chi Chuan.

03087bf40ad162d98953fe7b10dfa9ec8a13cd1c_副本 Tai Chi Chuan


Schools of Tai Chi Chuan

After the creation of Tai Chi Chuan by Chen Wangting, for centuries the word-famous martial art was passed down through generations within the Chen Village. When it came to Chen Changxing(1771-1853) and Chen Youben(1780-1858), they developed the first routine and second routine of big frame and second frame, and systemized the theories, issuing books named <Ten Essentials of Tai Chi Chuan>, <Essentials of Tai Chi Chuan as a Martial Art> and <Tai Chi Chuan for Self-Defense>.

Tai Chi Chuan began to spread to the whole China in the late Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China. Yang Luchan(1799-1872), the first disciple outside the family tree of Chen, developed the Yang-Style and taught Tai Chi Chuan in Beijing. Moreover, the 15th successor Chen Qingping(1795-1868) taught Tai Chi Chuan to several disciples, giving rise to the emergence of He-Style and Wu(Hao)-Style,etc.

52538a82b9014a90ee62d251a9773912b21bee46 Tai Chi Chuan

Later on Wu Jianquan(1870-1942) created Wu-Style(108 Form), Li Ruidong(1851-1917) developed Li-Style and Sun Lutang(1860-1933) brought about Sun-Style. In the mid of 20th century, the 17th successor of Chen family named Chen Fake(1887-1957) furthered the Tai Chi Chuan to first and second routine of the new frame.

These three centuries witnessed the development from a secret of Chen Village to a great number of schools that benefited much more people in terms of physical and psychological health.

Derived from the status of Wu-ji(a uniform state without differentiation), Tai Chi was then divided into Yin and Yang, which then gave rise to the three treasures to reflect four images. These four images eventually generated create eight trigrams.

0a6709f7905298228f0ff8b8d5ca7bcb0a46d456 Tai Chi Chuan



General features

Emphasizing the stillness to overcome motion, softness to conquer hardness, Tai Chi distinguishes itself for different movements based on situations. Practitioners believe that the best way to win is to take action according to their adversary, which means to firstly intrigue opponents to move or distract them and then apply strategies to fight back. This can not only develop one’s speed of action and strength, but also of significance in the training of fighting techniques. Following the Yin-Yang Theory, practitioners sense adversary by their ears and fight back using their opponents’ strengths. Its power of eight directions include Peng(Warding off), Lv(rolling back), Ji(pressing), An (pushing), Cai(pulling down), Lie(splitting),Zhou(elbowing), Kao(body stroke), Jin(advancing), Tui(retreating), Gu(shifting left), Pan(shifting right),Ding(central equilibrum).

7de9cbef76094b3617194174a3cc7cd98c109d60 Tai Chi Chuan



As a combination of classical literature, regimen, physics, medicine, martial art, Physiology, psychology and sports mechanics, Tai Chi Chuan involves the relationship between human beings and society, human and nature as well as questions related to ourselves. As a result, it reflects the worldview, attitudes towards life, moral system and views of competition.


Due to its smooth movements and moderate speed, it’s extremely accessible to general public, regardless of age or constitution. The practice of Tai Chi Chuan is not limited in the senior citizens because adjustment can be made to cater for different health condition. In this way, Tai Chi Chuan meets various needs ranging from improvement of Kung Fu, achieving longevity to get a better understanding of life.

3c6d55fbb2fb4316aa60201321a4462309f7d358_副本 Tai Chi Chuan



Famous for its flexibility and softness, the practice of Tai Chi Chuan can soothe the stiffness of office work and guard against injuries to muscles, joint and ligament. Meanwhile it is able to help develop a healthy way of breathing and exercising in order to minimize the possibility of chest distress and blood congestion.



Yang-Style of Tai Chi Chuan was founded by Yang Luchan (1799-1872) from Hebei province. Yang Luchan, who was one of the disciples of Chen Changxing, was the 7th generation successor of Tai Chi Chuan. While Yang was teaching in Beijing, he found that most of his royal disciples were feeble and could not stand tough training. Therefore, he transformed demanding movements in Tai Chi Chuan into accessible ones which were mild and gentle. This transformation enabled people wearing long pigtail and gowns to do exercises to keep fit and was later credited as Yang-Style. However, it should be noted that Yang-Style consists of two frames, namely health preserving frame and attack and defense frame.

Choose professional Ancestral Yang-Style Tai Chi Chuan at

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan



Wu(Hao)-Style of Tai Chi Chuan was founded by Wu Yuxiang(1825-2893) from Hebei province. As one of the disciples of Chen Qingping, Wu was the 8th generation successor of Tai Chi Chuan. He was greatly amazed by the Tai Chi Chuan of his fellow Yang Luchan and decided to grasp a better understanding of it. In 1852 he went to Honan province to serve an apprenticeship to Chen Qingping, from whom Wu learnt the small frame and got <Tai Chi Chuan Spectrum>. He was greatly inspired then and based on his knowledge and comprehension he created a series of new movements featured as agile, sophisticated, elegant and classical. This type of Tai Chi Chuan was later recognized as Wu(Hao)-Style.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan


Wu-Style of Tai Chi Chuan was founded by Quan You(1834-1902). As one of the disciples of Yang Banhou(1837-1892,the son of Yang Luchan), his style was famous for the softness and moderation. Based on his own understanding he made some changes on Yang-Style. His son, Jian Quan, who followed the Chinese surname Wu, removed repetition and jumping to later formed a series of natural, soft and smooth movements which was named Wu-Style.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan


Wu-Style of Tai Chi Chuan was founded by Sun Lutang(1860-1933). Sun Lutang is a master of martial art who inherited the essence of Tai Chi Chuan from Hao Weizhen. In 1918, he combined Tai Chi Chuan, Xing Yi Chuan and Eight Diagram to create Sun-Style Tai Chi Chuan characterized as its excellent flexibility and diversity.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan


He-Style Tai Chi Chuan was founded by He Zhaoyuan(1810-1890) from Wen County.He Zhaoyuan, who is among the most famous disciples of Chen Qingping, is the eighth generation successor of Tai Chi Chuan. Based on original Tai Chi Chuan He attached some modification on the movement to enhance its practicality and power. In addition, he also created a series of framework to combine physical exercises with martial training according to the physical characteristics of human beings. In this way, He-Style not only maintained the traditional practice but also had its own specialty.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

Development in the contemporary age

After the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong used to encourage people to practice Tai Chi Chuan. The traditional martial art has been gaining more popularity ever since the reform and opening up policy in 1978 with the support from Chairman Deng Xiaoping.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

Meanwhile, the practice of Tai Chi Chuan passed from generation to generation in Chen Village of Wen County with numerous world-class masters. It is said that he who merely drops by Chen Village is able to do the martial art.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

There are various kinds of martial art schools in the Wen County, where more than 2000 registered students and 8000 mobile students are currently learning Tai Chi Chuan. In addition, over 300 masters of Tai Chi Chuan have opened up more than 300 martial art schools or institutions.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

Nowadays Tai Chi Chuan is not only widely practiced in China, but it is gaining popularity worldwide as well. Throughout these years, masters have dedicated themselves to spread this treasured martial art to over 150 countries and regions, making it one of the most favored sport for martial art and exercise with more than 150 million practitioners.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

To enhance its capability to accommodate visitors, Wen County has undergone a series of changes including widening the roads, building Tai Chi Chuan museums and establishing infrastructures, etc. With all these improvement, the future of Wen County as 4A-class scenic spot is quite promising. Moreover, a brand new project aiming to build a culture exchange center including Tai Chi institutions, Tai Chi basis and Tai Chi hotels has been launched and has been valued by ordinary people and supported by government.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

With the investment of government of Honan province in order to build Chen Village into an ecological park featured as the origin of Tai Chi, eco-agriculture and eco-tourism will be practiced on the ancient land. In the foreseeable future, it will become a multifunctional region with tourism, health maintenance, photography, sketching and perseverance of historical relic.

As a symbol of Chinese culture, Tai Chi Chuan serves as a bridge linking Eastern culture and Western culture. It’s significant to preserve Tai Chi Chuan in order to promote Chinese civilization, enhance the quality of life and eventually build a more harmonious society.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan


A Combination of I Ching and the Five Elements

The inner system of human body never stops functioning. According to I Ching, everything in the world exist in the form of movement, which is a delicate balance between Yin and Yang. This is also true in terms of human beings.

.According to I Ching, things and phenomena which are warm, ascending, bright, exciting, superfluous and dynamic can be characterized as Yang. On the contrary, those cold, descending, dim, repressive and static things and phenomena belong to Yin. Following this theory, Tai Chi Chuan is a sport with the balance of Yin and Yang.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

Combining Tao Yin in traditional Chinese medicine, unique way of expiration and inspiration and Chi Gong

Tao Yin is a traditional approach of keeping fit in Chinese medicine. Through breathing, stretching and pitching, the blood can easily reach all over the body and promote the fitness.

When we practice Tai Chi Chuan, Tao Yin helps to normalize the function of our heart so as to facilitate the movement of our blood and energy. According to ancient Chinese doctors, the heart is in charge of the performance of the vein and the adjustment of all the organs. It is the most important organ of human which determines our activity without which our blood could not reach all over our body. As a result, Chen Wangting created Tai Chi Chuan on the basis of inherited martial art and Tao Yin to promote the circulation of blood when one fully relaxes himself. In this way, Tai Chi Chuan becomes an efficient way for us to keep healthy.

Tu Na is also an approach in traditional Chinese medicine of keeping healthy. Tu means to expire while Na involves inspiring. As an art of inspiration and expiration, Tu Na is a way to get off the stagnant things and bring in the fresh air so as to maintain a healthy life circle.

Our lung is in charge of respiratory function, which is among the most important organic function in metabolism. Through Tu Na we are able to get in fresh air (oxygen) and discharge useless air (carbon dioxide).
To combine the movements in Tai Chi Chuan with Tu Na, firstly the movements cannot pose any threat to the inspiration and expiration of lung to guarantee the normal function of metabolism. Moreover, these movements facilitate the flowing of the blood inside our body, embarking a virtuous cycle of life. Finally, the outcome of this process helps to nurture the whole body.
Combing the movements with the theories of Tao Yin and Tu Na, Tai Chi Chuan serves to enhance the attack and defense while maintain a healthy life.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

Combing movements with channels and collaterals in traditional Chinese medicine theory

Traditional Chinese medicine channels and collaterals theory focused on the physical functions, variance of pathology, and interaction between channels and collaterals and viscera. It constitutes a significant part of the traditional Chinese medicine.

Channels and collaterals are of vital importance to the flowing of blood and adjusting different functions of human’s body, which means that we need to spare no efforts to keep them expedite.

Combing advantages of different schools while maintaining its uniqueness

Consulting the work of a world-famous general Qi Jiguang(1528-1587) and different schools, Chen Wangting finally created Tai Chi Chuan whose power beyond imagination.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan



After settling down in the village, ancestors of Chen family built institutions to teach villagers martial art for the purpose of self-defense.

Chen Wangting used to render high service to the regime by eliminating the thieves and robbers, yet his contribution was not acknowledged by the government. As a result he retired to devote himself in cultivation and the study of Tai Chi Chuan. Tai Chi Chuan created by him involved a series of equipment from dao (a heavier curved saber, sometimes called a broadsword), jian(a straight double-edged sword, practiced as taichiian), gun(a 2m long wooden staff and practiced as taichigun), qiang,( a 2m long spear or a 4m long lance), etc. This kind of martial art involves many different aspects including theories of Yin and Yang, Chinese medicine concepts of Tao Yin and Tu Na, and the inherited practices of his family.


Key points of practicing

Stay upright while try to stretch your neck upwards. Keep yourself relaxed and flexible and use your strength upright to stabilize your center of gravity.
Do not lift your breasts. Keep your shoulders and elbows down to relax.
Your hand gestures are expected to be in accordance with your eyes to integrate your movements. Action of legs are supposed to be as quiet as a cat.

Remember to use your strength to guarantee the efficacy of the movements. Guide your strength by your mind and keep it in control.

Abdominal respiration should be adopted to keep pace with your mind.

Stay calm and focused while you are practicing Tai Chi Chuan. The movements are expected to be continuous, which means that your muscle should be relaxed yet closely connected.

It is necessary that we keep a natural state when practicing Tai Chi Chuan to relax your mind. Meanwhile, you can also activate your emotion and eliminate all sorts of chronicle diseases of your body in the long run. Furthermore, you are supposed to lower and deeper your respiration so as to promote your blood circulation.

It is because its function of enhancing health condition that Tai Chi Chuan is practiced and favored by people all over the world. People who suffer from neurasthenia, heart diseases, high blood pressure, tuberculosis, and trachitis can benefit from it. Please note that he who is inflicted with severe illness ought to consult the doctor before practicing.

When practicing Tai Chi Chuan, it is necessary that we listen to our heart. Keeping a flexible status is recommended to master the practices. The next step is to build up inner strength under the guidance of mind. We need to integrate our mind, our force, and our movements outside-in. The body is the key during this procedure, which explains the reason why we are expected to strike a balance between mind and movements to guide our outside movements by our inner strength.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

Actual combat
There are two principles in practicing Tai Chi Chuan.
First, act according to the precise anticipation of your opponent’s movement.
Second, do not act recklessly to attack your opponent. Tempt him to strike first to get a better understanding of his situation.

The essence of Tai Chi Chuan lies in beating your enemies with the minimum effort by using their strength against themselves. This can be achieved through a profound knowledge of your opponents and guiding your movements by your flexible mind. Meanwhile, you need to keep yourself static but ready for taking action at any moment. To do this, you are supposed to integrate the movement of all your body so that you can focus on a certain point and ace it precisely.
Moreover, Tai Chi Chuan sensibly follows the rules of Newton mechanics such as the Lever Principle, Conservation of Momentum, Rules of Inertia, etc.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

Analysis of routines

Basics of Tai Chi Chuan 24 Movements

Hand gesture:
First, crimp your fingers and keep them together. Naturally lay your thumb against the second part of your index finger and middle finger.
Second, separate your fingers and form an arc.
Third, clench your fists and curl your elbows. Then form an arc with your arms and let your palms face yourself. Ensure that your hands are at the same altitude with your shoulders. Next, curl your arms and move them to the sides of your body. After that, put your arms between the height of shoulders and breast.
Fourth, push forwards your hands with your elbows curled. Relax your body while doing so.
Fifth, strike your fists forwards from your waist while keep your arms relaxed. Your fists are supposed to be between the height of shoulders and breast.
Sixth, strike your fists above with your arms bent.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

Practicing Tai Chi Chuan as a way of health maintenance

Tai Chi Chuan exerts a positive impact on the function of our brain. Doing Tai Chi Chuan entails concentration and integration of body and mind, which exercise our brain to the fullest. In consequence, it can strengthen our organs and cure our diseases.

Moreover, the delicate balance between dynamic and static can active and repress the activities of cerebral cortex so as to substantially alleviate the symptoms of neurasthenia, insomnia, and dizziness. In the long run, it can minimize the superexcitation of brain and keep sobriety.

Emphasizing the significance of a easy mood during practice, you are expected to be relaxed both mentally and physically. Under the control of our brain, nerves and muscles will ease down to further ease our arteriole and alleviate its stiffness. In this way the blood pressure will witness a downward trend and regress to normal level, benefiting those high blood pressure patients. Accompanied with the rested physics and brain is a quicker recovery of excited nerves and fatigue muscles.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan


Practicing Tai Chi Chuan to enhance respiration

Practicing Tai Chi Chuan is to relax with deep respiration so as to promote the normal function of organs. Then the hot air shall be able to travel freely throughout the body and produce some healthy aches in the body. People who undergo this procedure will experience a 1℃ rise in their body temperature and a glamorous complexion.
Deep respiration facilitates the function of capillary, which alleviates the burden of our heart and preventing heart attacks. Moreover, the movements enhance the elasticity of our muscles and accelerate the pace of the blood cycle, guarding against cardiovascular diseases caused by clog of blood. In addition, the decline of thoracic diaphragm resulting from deep respiration enforces the movements of breast and belly, generating an approach of massage. This effect proves to facilitate digestion and absorption so as to deal with dyspepsia, diabetes and gatism. At the same time, deep respiration releases a huge amount of dirty air in exchange of fresh air to promote the efficiency and elasticity of lung. This prevents the emphysema and other lung illness.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

 Practicing Tai Chi Chuan to enhance the organs

For our body

To keep upright is to facilitate the blood cycle in order to keep yourself energetic. Moreover, the stretch and pull during your practicing guard against cervical spondylosis.

Tai-Chi-Chuan Tai-Chi-Chuan

For waist

Attaching great importance to the movements of waist, Tai Chi Chuan enhances the function of kidney. In addition, the combination of movements of abdominal muscle and diaphragm prevents the lumbago and back pain.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

For eyes

The concentration of practicing depends mostly on your eyes. As eyes are keys of communication, our eyesight is supposed to follow our movements to keep our mind and body integrated. This can not only exercises nerves of eyes, but promotes eyesight as well.

Tai-Chi-Chuan Tai-Chi-Chuan

For joints and ligament

Under the requirement of continuity and integration, our movements are led by our waist and joints, improving the function of our joints and ligament.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

For muscles

The quality of muscle depends largely on its flexibility and tenacity, which could all be realized through long-term practicing. It can also prevent the difficulty in walking resulting from beer bully. On the one hand, movements of muscle and ligament facilitate the practice of force. On the other hand, the regular squeezing encourages the blood of vein to renter into our heart.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

For legs and feet

Attaching significance to the practice of transition between virtuality and reality, Tai Chi Chuan enhances the force of feet. The practice between tense and relaxation exercises the muscles and ligament and facilitates your stride.

Yet one cannot benefit from Tai Chi Chuan without perseverance. It is necessary that we treated it as an indispensible part of our daily life. Only with persistence can we achieve our goal to keep healthy and energetic.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

Tai Chi Chuan to keep fit

Tai Chi Chuan is an approach to polish our characters and build up our body. Paying attention to the guidance from our mind dredges jingluo so as to balance Yin and Yang, which is addressed by Western medicine as an approach to enhance immunity and recovery. It serves to cure diseases, cultivate and enlighten minds, build up shapes, self-defense and attack so as to foster a healthier life with better quality. As a sport benefiting both inside and outside of us, it fosters greater tenacity while generating vigor at the same time. As a result, it is treasured by both Chinese traditional medicine and Western medicine as a scientific approach to a wholesome life.

Tai-Chi-Chuan Tai-Chi-Chuan

Combining air with force

As an approach of keeping healthy, it is necessary that we strive to maintain enough air and force to facilitate our blood cycle within our body while enhance our power to attack and self defense.

At present, most of Tai Chi Chuan performances officially released by National Athletic Committee such as 24 Forms and 88 Forms come from Yang-Style Tai Chi Chuan. Li-Style and Wu-Style can also be traced back to it, suggesting its high reputation and prestigious statue.

Tai-Chi-Chuan Tai-Chi-Chuan

Brief history

Yang Luchan(1799-1872)who was a disciple of Chen Changxing, is from Heibei province. Being a martial art enthusiast ever since his childhood, Yang struggled to make ends meet by working in a medicine shop. His boss, Chen Dehu from Chen Village, acknowledged his industriousness and reliability and sent him to Chen Village to work. It was a coincidence that during this time Chen Changxing was teaching at Chen Dehu’s house. Yang was quite eager to apprentice him, yet he was afraid of refusal. So he looked on as Chen Changxing taught Tai Chi Chuan and remembered these movements which he practiced later on in secret. Owing to his diligence, he managed to make progress. Later on his deeds were discovered by Chen Changxing, who regarded him as a gifted man and decided to teach him rather than punish him.

Having learned the essence of Tai Chi Chuan, Yang went to Beijing with his second son Yang Banhou (1837-1892) and third son Yang Jianhou (1839-1917) to teach martial art. While Yang was teaching in Beijing, he found that most of his royal disciples were feeble and could not stand tough training. Therefore, he transformed demanding movements in Tai Chi Chuan into accessible ones which were mild and gentle. This transformation enabled people wearing long pigtail and gowns to do exercises to keep fit and was later credited as Yang-Style.

Yang-Style was extremely popular in Beijing and Tianjin with numerous pupils.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan



Yang-Style Tai Chi Chuan is integrated, simplified and natural. Combining hardness with softness, it is very beautiful and flexible, appealing to general public and spreading overseas.

Practicing Yang-Style Tai Chi Chuan is like the ocean waves, which are continuous without cessation.

As early as the 1930s, master Yang Chengfu proposed ’10 disciplines of Tai Chi Chuan’, the majority of which relates to the action.

Staying upright is the most important feature of Yang-Style Tai Chi Chuan. It entails two aspects: staying upright and do not bend down or lean back, and stretch the spine. These have been achieved by a number of masters.

Tai-Chi-Chuan Tai-Chi-Chuan

Move with elegance

The specialty of Yang-Style Tai Chi Chuan is its elegance, guaranteeing the stretching of limps and relaxation of body. Meanwhile, it’s a critical criterion that all the movements must attain required position.

Move with softness and slowness

This is exactly where Yang-Style distinguishes itself from others and at the same time, the reason contributing to its reputation overseas.

After going to Chen Village to consult Chen for three times, Yang eventually established its mild style free from the bouncing, jumping and other movements requiring instantaneous strength. This is a unique approach to change between hardness and softness for both the old and the young. It is said that master Yang Chengfu also emphasized the significance of relaxation. He said”Relax! Relax! Relax! You will neglect it without my advice.” Sometimes, he could watch his disciples practicing without saying a word. Yet he stressed the importance of relaxation for several dozens of times. The character of mildness and softness also caters to the teaching of Lao Tz, the founder of Taoism, in that softness wins over hardness and governing by doing nothing that is against nature.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

Adopting an even speed of action
Some styles emphasize a combination of fast movements and slow movements and hard strokes while Yang-Style sticks to its slow, mild and even action. One should keep the same speed as well as the same level of frame throughout the whole process. This requires us to keep the routine smooth from the very beginning to the end, balance the speed of hands and legs, and the balance between the former movement and the following movement.  It generally takes about 22 minutes to accomplish a traditional 85 forms Yang-Style Tai Chi Chuan, while masters may spend 40 minutes to an hour doing so. In any occasion, the speed is supposed to be the same, which means that the speed in the debut determines the pace of the whole practicing period.

It is required to pace as lightly as a cat and to move precisely and slowly, leading to the shift of the center of gravity evenly and cautiously.

Tai Chi Chuan Tai Chi Chuan

Distinction between full actions and empty actions

According to Yang Chengfu, the essence of Tai Chi Chuan lies in its difference between its full actions and empty actions. It is precisely practiced in the 85-forms of Yang-Style Tai Chi Chuan, in which legs bear the majority of the power. When the center of gravity is in the left leg, the left leg is full while the right one is empty and vice versa. Except for a few movements, almost in every occasion there is one full leg and another is empty. This character is extremely apparent in Yang-Style Tai Chi Chuan.

Taichi-Yang style

Taichi-Yang style was a sort of traditional Han Quan, which was one of important schools of TaiChi. Taichi-Yang style was developed by a group of people, including Yang Luchan, Yang Banhou, Yang Jian hou, Yang Shaohou, and Yang Chengfu. The gestures of Taichi-Yang style were considered very plain and easy, so it was very popular with people. That was exactly the reason why so many people chose to learn Taichi-Yang style. However, Taichi-Yang style had strict rules and standards about hands, arms, and eyes as well as body movements. Only by training it in a right way can learners reach a strict standard and make more progress.

Taichi-Yang style Taichi-Yang style

At present, China’s National Sports Committee officially declared that 88-styles, 24-styles and many other styles were evolved from Taichi-Yang Style. Actually, Taichi-Wu style and Taichi- Li style were both developed from Yang style. Taichi –yang style occupied the highest status in all kinds of TaiChi-styles.



The brief introduction of Taichi-Yang style

Chinese name: Tai Ji

English name: Yang Tai Chi & TaiChi-Yang style

Initial creator: Yang Luchan(people in Han Dan city of Hebei province)

Characteristics: soft and gentle movements; stretching out people’s body; standing straight; using softness against hardness;

Related places: Hongji Bridge; the Old city of Guangfu


The contents of Yang Tia Chi

  1. The history of its development

Yang Luchan learned Tai Chi skills

Yang went to the capital for teaching Tai Chi Quan

Carrying out Yang Tai Chi

The succession of Tai Chi Quan

The origins of some legends

  1. The origin place

The culture of old city

The good reputation of old city

  1. Characteristics

Special styles

Soft and gentle movements

Stretching out people’s body

Standing straight

Using softness against hardness;

At an average speed in actions

  1. Weapons

Tai Chi Swords

Tai Chi knives

Tai Chi Guns( a kind of long sticks like guns)

  1. The documentaries of Quan

Non-material cultural heritage



Tai Chi---Pao Chui

Tai Chi---small, medium, big Jia( a kind of gesture in Tai Chi)

  1. The regulations

The whole summary






  1. Ten core rules
  2. The role and effectiveness
  3. The successors
  4. The classical books


 Yang Tai Chi Yang Tai Chi

The history of development

Yang Luchan secretly learned Tai Chi from masters

Yang Fukui( 1799-1872), Luchan, who was from Hebei province. Yang was into learning Tai Chi at an young age. Owing to his family’s poverty, he had to work in “Tai He Tang”—a traditional Chinese medicine shop on Xi Guan street. His boss thought he was hardworking and intelligent, so he asked him to work at his home. At that time, Chen Changxin was teaching in his boss’s house. He had a good chance to see how the master taught his students. Yang was envious of those students while he had no time to learn from the master. Besides, he was worried that the master wouldn’t receive him as his student. Yang was so interested in Tai Chi that he secretly saw the master taught his students at the corner and tried to remember those movements, subsequently, he practiced by himself. After a period of time, he acquired a lot. Later on, he was discovered by the master and he thought he had talent in Tai Chi, then taught him Tai Chi in his spare time.

8 thoughts on “General Introduction of Tai Chi Chuan”

  • Amit Chaudhary

    I like Kung fu.

  • JB

    A note on the Wu style.. that the jumping and stamping and variation in speed was not 'removed'. This still exists in the Wu Fast Form.
    I would guess they were removed in the creation of the Da Man Quan (large slow form).

  • Mustafa

    There are many ways Tai Chi is taught. Most poplee believe it to be for the old and weak. Nothing could be further from the truth.1. Everything you need in Tai Chi should be learned in your Tai Chi class. No, you should not have to learn additional Qi-Gong or Kung Fu. Even though some elements of Qi-Gong and Kung Fu are in Tai Chi they are different from Tai Chi.2. No requirements are necessary. You will start slowly with learning how to relax and how to stay relaxed when moving. If relaxation is done properly your body becomes heavy and you will build strength. The nice part about Tai Chi is it takes many years to learn so it will give your body time to grow into it and build the strength gradually at your own pace. Through relaxation also comes flexibility so you can do the low stances. But again this takes time.3. Real Tai Chi has to be learned with a teacher and even then there are few who truly understand what Tai Chi is. Most will relax to the point where the body so so relaxed there is not form/shape in the moves. Tai Chi is Yin and Yang (opposites). Hard and soft. Tension and relaxation. When you do your forms you will switch back and forth between the opposites. If you just do the moves you are doing either physical therapy and/or stretching exercise but you are not doing Tai Chi. There is a huge difference since if you are only doing the stretching exercise you will not get the full benefit of Tai Chi.Some poplee will teach Yin and Yang as mystical forces pulling you this way and that. They will also teach that the internal part in Tai Chi is mysterious and make up some really bizarre stuff. That is wrong. There is nothing mystical about Yin and Yang or learning the internal part of Tai Chi. All comes all by itself when you are ready with practice as you come to understand the art. These are things you will not be able to learn from a video. At best you will learn the stretching exercise from the video but the real Tai Chi will undoubtedly escape you.I do know from personal experience that real Tai Chi will improve your health and build your strength and stamina.Chen Tai Chi practitioner

  • Keith Vige

    Desiring to learn tai chi and Qi gong

    • TianYuan

      We strongly advise you to learn by watching our Tai Chi Chuan DVDs. You can find our DVDs at

  • Patrick

    Chen Style is still active and a living art. How does this article go from recognizing the birthplace of Tai Chi to not even mentioning it in the section describing the other styles?